update_option()更新选项

功能:

update_option()函数的功能是更新wp_options表中指定的一条数据。

<?php echo update_option( $show, $default ); ?>

参数:

$option
(string) (必选) 要更新的选项名
默认: 无
$newvalue
(mixed) (必选) 新的选项值
默认: 无
$autoload
(mixed) (可选) 是否自动加载 yes/no
默认: null

返回值:

(boolean)
选项更新成功返回true,否则返回false

所在位置:

update_option() 函数包含在 wp-includes/option.php 中。

源码:

update_option()函数源码

/**
 * Update the value of an option that was already added.
 *
 * You do not need to serialize values. If the value needs to be serialized, then
 * it will be serialized before it is inserted into the database. Remember,
 * resources can not be serialized or added as an option.
 *
 * If the option does not exist, then the option will be added with the option value,
 * with an `$autoload` value of 'yes'.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 * @since 4.2.0 The `$autoload` parameter was added.
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
 *
 * @param string      $option   Option name. Expected to not be SQL-escaped.
 * @param mixed       $value    Option value. Must be serializable if non-scalar. Expected to not be SQL-escaped.
 * @param string|bool $autoload Optional. Whether to load the option when WordPress starts up. For existing options,
 *                              `$autoload` can only be updated using `update_option()` if `$value` is also changed.
 *                              Accepts 'yes'|true to enable or 'no'|false to disable. For non-existent options,
 *                              the default value is 'yes'. Default null.
 * @return bool False if value was not updated and true if value was updated.
 */
function update_option( $option, $value, $autoload = null ) {
	global $wpdb;
 
	$option = trim($option);
	if ( empty($option) )
		return false;
 
	wp_protect_special_option( $option );
 
	if ( is_object( $value ) )
		$value = clone $value;
 
	$value = sanitize_option( $option, $value );
	$old_value = get_option( $option );
 
	/**
	 * Filters a specific option before its value is (maybe) serialized and updated.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$option`, refers to the option name.
	 *
	 * @since 2.6.0
	 * @since 4.4.0 The `$option` parameter was added.
	 *
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new, unserialized option value.
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 * @param string $option    Option name.
	 */
	$value = apply_filters( "pre_update_option_{$option}", $value, $old_value, $option );
 
	/**
	 * Filters an option before its value is (maybe) serialized and updated.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 *
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new, unserialized option value.
	 * @param string $option    Name of the option.
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 */
	$value = apply_filters( 'pre_update_option', $value, $option, $old_value );
 
	// If the new and old values are the same, no need to update.
	if ( $value === $old_value )
		return false;
 
	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/option.php */
	if ( apply_filters( 'default_option_' . $option, false, $option, false ) === $old_value ) {
		// Default setting for new options is 'yes'.
		if ( null === $autoload ) {
			$autoload = 'yes';
		}
 
		return add_option( $option, $value, '', $autoload );
	}
 
	$serialized_value = maybe_serialize( $value );
 
	/**
	 * Fires immediately before an option value is updated.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 *
	 * @param string $option    Name of the option to update.
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new option value.
	 */
	do_action( 'update_option', $option, $old_value, $value );
 
	$update_args = array(
		'option_value' => $serialized_value,
	);
 
	if ( null !== $autoload ) {
		$update_args['autoload'] = ( 'no' === $autoload || false === $autoload ) ? 'no' : 'yes';
	}
 
	$result = $wpdb->update( $wpdb->options, $update_args, array( 'option_name' => $option ) );
	if ( ! $result )
		return false;
 
	$notoptions = wp_cache_get( 'notoptions', 'options' );
	if ( is_array( $notoptions ) && isset( $notoptions[$option] ) ) {
		unset( $notoptions[$option] );
		wp_cache_set( 'notoptions', $notoptions, 'options' );
	}
 
	if ( ! wp_installing() ) {
		$alloptions = wp_load_alloptions();
		if ( isset( $alloptions[$option] ) ) {
			$alloptions[ $option ] = $serialized_value;
			wp_cache_set( 'alloptions', $alloptions, 'options' );
		} else {
			wp_cache_set( $option, $serialized_value, 'options' );
		}
	}
 
	/**
	 * Fires after the value of a specific option has been successfully updated.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$option`, refers to the option name.
	 *
	 * @since 2.0.1
	 * @since 4.4.0 The `$option` parameter was added.
	 *
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new option value.
	 * @param string $option    Option name.
	 */
	do_action( "update_option_{$option}", $old_value, $value, $option );
 
	/**
	 * Fires after the value of an option has been successfully updated.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 *
	 * @param string $option    Name of the updated option.
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new option value.
	 */
	do_action( 'updated_option', $option, $old_value, $value );
	return true;
}

示例:

<?php
    if(update_option("wptoutiao", "WordPress头条")){    //将wp_options表中选项名为wptoutiao的值修改为WordPress头条,成功就返回true
        echo "更新成功";
    } 
?>

相关函数:

add_option()
get_option()
delete_option()

(完)

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